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What is Anxiety?

Having occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. However, people with anxiety disorders often have intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Anxiety is a mood similar to fear, but fear is an acute condition whereas anxiety is a chronic condition. Anxiety; It occurs in response to an unknown internal confrontational threat. Low levels of anxiety herald threats to the body, such as harm, pain, desperation, separation from a loved one. In this way, it enables the person to take the necessary precautions against threats.



Anxiety is a feeling that an individual experiences from the moment he is born. There is a concern that the child cannot satisfy his own needs, cannot relieve the pain, and that his instincts may be dangerous, we call this anxiety type basic anxiety. Self-esteem increases as they are loved and cared for from infancy. While the loved self is worried about losing respect and love, the unloved and unaccounted self has anxiety about nothingness. Anxiety can sometimes make you feel that something will happen to you or your relatives, or that you or your relatives will suffer bodily harm. Performance anxiety is the type of anxiety that the person shows in situations where he or she has to perform (taking an exam, making a presentation, etc.). In the event of a traumatic event, a minimal stimulus may cause an inappropriate response, for example, someone who has received chemotherapy may feel nauseous when they see a hospital, and this anxiety formation is called traumatic anxiety. The types of anxiety are much more involved than you might think, it is a basic lack of emotion management that leads to far more diverse consequences that underlie or subordinate many psychological processes.


In general, each individual's definition of anxiety is different from each other, many anxious clients describe this situation as a strange feeling (emotion) that is not fear, but known, recognized, felt, experienced but not defined. People who say that they have anxiety generally talk about being extremely anxious in the face of many events, not being able to control the anxiety, and also a strange feeling of uneasiness. However, anxiety can cause extreme excitement, fatigue, restlessness, feeling as if something bad is going to happen at any moment, sleep disorders, muscle aches, and concentration problems. As a result, anxiety causes uneasiness, tension, uneasiness and delusion, which is not certain in the individual.


Anxiety is an anxiety disorder consisting of any reason or situations that the individual does not know. In order to eliminate anxiety disorder, first of all, experiential, environmental factors, relational factors or individual factors that cause anxiety should be understood. In order for the individual to control the anxiety and the mood mechanism under his own control, the factors that initiate the anxiety and cause it to continue are noticed by the person first. After this awareness, the cause affecting the formation of anxiety is taken under control by the individual and awareness, self-perception, and mood control are developed during the psychotherapy process.


Psychotherapy is a long-term therapy method. Many content such as the experiences underlying and causing the anxiety of the person, the size and variety of anxiety, and the frequency of occurrence determine the psychotherapy process and direction. It is important whether there is any comorbid disorder and whether the anxiety is causing another disorder. In the psychotherapy process, the client is provided to discover what lies behind the anxiety, and the important point is to be able to control their own emotions.

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